Statistics for the week
Welcome to our project! Here is an online map of the spread of coronavirus with the provision of real-time graphical and statistical information, which is updated every 15 minutes. The COVID-19 map is predicted based on official data from three different sources, so bookmark the project and stay up to date latest news and events.The 2020 coronavirus is called SARS-CoV-2, is the so-called betacoronavirus B, which is the cause of the pandemic and has been actively spreading since the end of 2019. In total, there are more than 40 varieties of coronaviruses containing RNA (ribonucleic acid). All of them are capable of infecting both humans and animals. Many are wondering: “Why was the coronavirus called that?” - it would seem, where does the "crown"? The answer is simple, when observed under a microscope, the structure of the virus resembles the shape of the solar corona (an astronomical phenomenon) with small spike-like processes that contain binding proteins, and already the cell of the animal organism reacts to them with transmembrane receptors. A new species of COVID-19 with the classification SARS-CoV-2 belongs to betacoronaviruses (a subgroup of the family), which stand out for the ability to quickly destroy the human immune system. SARS-CoV-2 abbreviation in English: Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2, which means "Severe acute respiratory syndrome associated with coronavirus 2"
Coronavirus is sensitive to high temperatures and disinfectants. Scientists have recorded the optimal air temperature for the spread and transmission of coronavirus from 5 to 8 degrees above 0 with a relative humidity of 35-60%. The University of Hong Kong reported during research that the coronavirus is highly stable at a temperature of 4 degrees, and above 70 degrees it is completely destroyed within 4-6 minutes.
It is impossible to diagnose coronavirus based solely on clinical data, since its symptoms are identical to those of other SARS. Often changes in the lungs can be difficult to detect with a phonendoscope. Therefore, patients are prescribed X-ray examination or computed tomography. To quickly determine the presence of a coronavirus infection in the body, data from test systems are used. Confirmation of the diagnosis is made by using laboratory diagnostics based on the study of sputum, mucus, urine, blood.She needs to go through a long test first. Animal testing is a must. And then on people. Doctors say that Covid-19 is no more dangerous than ordinary flu. After all, many infections are easy. It is also important to remember about safety. It is necessary to make sure that the vaccines are effective, as well as to check the possibility of side effects.
Online real-time coronavirus mapOnline real-time coronavirus map for Russia and other countries of the world, displaying statistics for today, you can always get up-to-date and fresh statistical information, which is taken from three different sources, including the World Health Organization and the China Center for Epidemiological Diseases Research.
- Statistics about new infections is updated every minute.
- Map update statistics showing the situation of sick people in the world - every 15 minutes.
Important update: You can click on the name of a city or country to see a detailed graph of infections, recoveries, and deaths.The site helps to track the sick and recovered in real time today. A dangerous epidemic that broke out in China at the end of 2019 is rapidly spreading across all continents. The WHO has declared an international emergency and officially declared COVID-19 a pandemic. The disease has claimed the lives of thousands of people, which is alarming for everyone who cares about their health. To protect yourself and your loved ones from infection, you need to know the enemy by sight. More about first symptoms of coronavirus in humans you can read in this material, and the situation about the distribution in Russia.
Coronavirus statistics for today in Russia and in the WorldOur service is a detailed coronavirus statistics for today, an improved version coronavirus mapping, real-time maps of the spread of the Wuhan virus. We take data from official sources in China, the US and the UK. To keep up to date with the latest news, simply bookmark the project using the CTRL + D combination or share the link on social networks.
An online COVID-19 map will be useful for obtaining timely information on the number of infected, dead, recovered and those who are under suspicion.Coronavirus map will prompt up-to-date information in real time on the number of infected and recovered in the world. The system is updated regularly, we also draw your attention to the table with the names of countries and cities with COVID-2019. The coronavirus pandemic began in December 2019 in the Chinese city of Wuhan. It is difficult to determine whether this development and spread was predictable or, on the contrary, unknown, why all the countries of the world found themselves in such a difficult situation and where it all will lead - time will tell. This material is the most detailed instruction about coronavirus, its origin, symptoms, as well as answers to frequently asked questions.
What is a coronavirus?
Origin of coronavirusThe first detection of the 2019-nCoV strain was made by Chinese scientists in December 2019, by analyzing the nucleic acid from a patient admitted to a medical facility. On December 31, the Chinese government sent a message to the World Health Organization about several infections with viral pneumonia. On January 7, 2020, a medical check confirmed the presence of a pathogen, which was later assigned to the coronavirus family. On January 10, 2020, the virus genome was deciphered in China. The GenBank database (a database funded and maintained by the US National Center for Biotechnology Information) currently has 28 COVID-19 genomes publicly available. According to scientists, after analyzing the genome of the virus, the fact of natural origin was confirmed. The official version of the origin of SARS-CoV is civets, predatory mammals, and SARS-CoV-2 is horseshoe bats.
Note : a number of researchers doubt the accuracy of the origin of the infection from bats.The Director General of the World Health Organization calls on all research centers to promote natural evidence and the achievements of science in order to avoid the spread of various unconfirmed conspiracy theories, rumors and fake news that misinform the population of all countries of the world.
Virus life cycleAt present, scientists have not fully determined how long the coronavirus lives on objects (paper, plastic, metal), surfaces of things (clothes, shoes, fabrics), products and outside the infected carrier. Coronavirus life table:
|Type of surface or object||Life span|
|Wood and wooden surfaces||2 days|
|Glass and glass surfaces||3 days|
|Fabrics, the surface of clothes and shoes||7 days|
|House keys, car keys||5 days|
|Door handles and car steering wheel||4 days|
|bank card||7 days|
|medical mask||7 days|
|Money (banknotes)||4 days|
|Smartphones, phones, tablets, headphones||4 days|
|Metal (steel / copper)||3 days / 4 hours|
|ATM, terminals||7 days|
The incubation period of the coronavirusThe incubation period of the SARS-CoV-2 virus (the time from infection to the first symptoms of the disease) lasts from one to 14 days, with an average of 5-7 days. The epidemic broke out in China at the end of last year, and in February 2020, the coronavirus spread around the world, and now the number of infections and deaths caused by the coronavirus is much higher outside of China. Most deaths from COVID-19 occur in people over 60 years of age or in patients with other chronic conditions. Coronavirus infection can be completely asymptomatic. To protect yourself and your family, you need to follow some rules and know the answers to important questions.
What are the signs of a COVID-19 infection?The disease is manifested by fever, dry cough and shortness of breath. Muscle pain and general fatigue may also appear. Less common is a runny nose, sore throat, diarrhea, and gastrointestinal upset. Infectionists say that sudden loss of smell or taste can also be a symptom of an infection. In most cases, the first symptoms appear 5-7 days after contact with the virus, but in special cases, the incubation of the disease can last from 2 to 14 days.
What to do if the first symptoms of infection appearYou should immediately call your family doctor and tell about all the signs of the disease. If you have a fever, cough, weakness - stay at home, do not go to work and walk. Do not expose others, especially those with weakened immune systems due to age or illness.
How the virus is transmittedCoronavirus is transmitted by airborne droplets while talking to a sick person, coughing or sneezing. In the air, the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus rises as a droplet for only a few seconds after sneezing or coughing. It remains on metal or plastic surfaces the longest (it can be detected even after 72 hours, although its infectivity rapidly decreases over time). Contact of dirty hands, which have an infection, with the mucous membranes of the eyes, mouth and nose, also becomes one of the causes of infection. Therefore, when shopping in supermarkets, you should refrain from touching dirty hands to your face.
What does coronavirus look likeThe envelope of the virus contains spike-like protrusions, which in the virus particle are called ash fins. Therefore, the coronavirus looks like a circle with spikes on the outside. Hence the name, in connection with the similarity with the crown. The structure of the SARS- CoV-2 ash meter: This is what the coronavirus looks like under a microscope: This is what a human skin rash looks like with a coronavirus: Photo of coronavirus on leg: Photographs of the lungs of a person with coronavirus:
Please note: all of the photographs listed above are for informational purposes only.
Reproduction indexThis parameter without a specific size characterizes the contagiousness of the disease. It is the value of the reproduction index that allows you to determine the number of people who will be infected by an infected person. The early ranges of the Coronavirus Reproduction Index (hereinafter referred to as RPI) showed a value of 3.3-5.47 - this means that 1 infected person infected from 3 to 5 people. Later studies on January 22, 2020 showed an RPI value of 2.2.
An RPI value greater than 1 means that the pandemic will continue to spread. The decrease in this indicator directly depends on restrictive and protective countermeasures.
Coronavirus resistance (how long lives)Coronavirus resistance is high due to the presence of a viral envelope (supercapsid). SARS-CoV-2 is able to stay on various surfaces for a long time, but is also extremely sensitive to disinfectant solutions and elevated temperatures.
Resistance on different surface materialsLife expectancy on different surfaces of the coronavirus is different and directly depends on the surface material, as well as temperature. Average COVID-19 resistance values:
- On paper, 3 hours.
- On the money - 4 days.
- On wooden surfaces - 2 days.
- Clothes and shoes - 2 days.
- Plastic products - 7 days.
- Metal surfaces - 7 days.
Important : the most dangerous and potentially possible subject of infection is a mobile phone or smartphone. The surface of the screen and the case itself are made of plastic, on the surface of which the coronavirus lives up to 4 days.
Temperature resistanceScientists have determined that coronavirus at air temperatures above 33 degrees Celsius dies in 16 hours, and at t more than 56 degrees in just 10-12 minutes. The resistance of the new coronavirus to temperature has been tested and shows the complete preservation of the genome for 14 days at an air temperature of +4-5 degrees Celsius. From 7 to 8 days SARS-CoV-2 lifespan in a temperature regime of +22 ° C (as a rule, this is room temperature). Surprisingly, at a human body temperature of +37 ° C, the virus dies within a day. According to the researchers, COVID-19 is seasonal due to its sensitivity to solar ultraviolet radiation, its resistance in the environment directly depends on parameters such as temperature, humidity and the angle of incidence of sunlight.
Resistance to antisepticsAn antiseptic against coronavirus based on alcohol-containing chemical compositions, with a complete disinfectant treatment, is able to completely destroy the causative agent of the infection. For example, based on research, it was found that the following antiseptics against coronavirus completely destroy its outer shell in 2-3 minutes:
- Ethanol (composition 70%).
- Sodium Hypochlorite (≥0.05%).
- Chlorhexidine (1% solution).
- Isopropanol 45%.
- N-propanol 30%.
- Ethanol 80%.
- Antiseptic hand gels with 95% ethanol in the composition.
- Hydrogen peroxide.
WHO recommendation: against coronavirus, it is best to use alcohol-based antiseptics.Please note that the most effective measure against the new coronavirus is frequent hand washing with soap and water. This method of thorough mechanical cleaning of the hands is not guaranteed to be 100% effective, but it greatly reduces the likelihood of the virus remaining on human skin.
Also, it was noticed that there is no difference in effectiveness between " regular " and special " antibacterial " soaps .
Ozone resistanceThe US Environmental Protection Agency claims that household ozone generators are ineffective due to the low level of ozone emission. In general, pure ozone is able to completely destroy more than 99.9% of all known viruses and bacteria within 15-90 seconds. Previously, when saturating the premises with a large amount of ozone, it was possible to destroy the SARS virus in 99%, which in the future may show a similar result with COVID-19.
The main first symptoms of coronavirusThe incubation period for most coronavirus infections is two to three days. The impact of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is accompanied by a relatively long incubation period, which ranges from 1 day to 2 weeks (about 10 days on average). During this period, the sick person can actively infect others. Mostly the disease proceeds like any ARVI (influenza, parainfluenza, etc.) The respiratory form of coronavirus is usually accompanied by:
- pain when swallowing and sneezing;
- elevated temperature;
- muscle pain.
- significant intoxication;
- pulmonary edema; multiple organ failure;
- acute respiratory failure.
Temperature with coronavirusToday it is known what temperature during coronavirus manifests itself in the male and female body - this is an indicator above 38 degrees. It is worth noting that SARS-CoV-2 can occur without symptoms, so the temperature with coronavirus is an ambiguous sign of the presence of an infectious agent.
cough with coronavirusCough with coronavirus is dry, without sputum. It usually manifests along with another symptom - sore throat and headache. Symptoms show that the next symptom of coronavirus after a cough is difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.
Rash with coronavirusIn humans, a rash with coronavirus appears quite rarely - this symptom is not accurate for determining the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in the human body, since the rash may be caused by another disease or an allergic reaction. According to scientists, the rash in rare cases appears in those infected with coronavirus on the arms or legs in the form of red spots 3-7 mm in size.
How to identify coronavirus?
Medicine against coronavirusWith a mild and moderate form of the disease, symptomatic treatment is used - means that lower the temperature, various cough medicines, runny nose, etc. The severe form of the disease requires the use of antiviral drugs, immunoglobulins and corticosteroids. The appointment of the latter is indicated if the clinical picture progressively worsens, there is prolonged lymphopenia (a decrease in the content of lymphocytes in the blood), a decrease in the level of oxygen. Severe complications are treated by prescribing antibiotics, such patients are given mechanical ventilation (artificial ventilation of the lungs), blood plasma of patients who have had atypical pneumonia is administered.
Coronavirus vaccineIt is believed that there is no specific treatment for many viral infections. With morbidity, it will only be possible to get rid of the symptoms: lower the temperature, suppress cough and runny nose. The virus only defeats the immune system. A vaccine is used to reduce the risk of morbidity. It is used for the flu. What about the coronavirus? Vaccines could help reduce the number of infections. According to studies, the flu vaccine reduces the incidence by 70-90% in people under 65 years of age. And in the elderly, the risk of complications is reduced by 30-70%.
Creating a vaccineNow it is being developed all over the world. Some countries have already announced that they have created several vaccines that require testing. On the territory of Russia, work is also underway to develop a drug. The creation of a coronavirus vaccine in Hong Kong became known at the end of January. In February, the Chinese shared this. But after development, numerous checks and adjustments are required. In some countries, animal testing has begun. In America, experts have begun testing the vaccine on human volunteers. It's called mRNA-1273. The vaccine is also being created in Germany, France, Great Britain and many other countries.
Is there a vaccine for the infection?It was assumed that the record time for the development of a drug for coronavirus was a period of 20 months. It took that long to develop a vaccine against SARS, which was released in 2003. But now many countries have announced the development of the drug. Some even took about 1.5 months. This is due to the work of Chinese geneticists, who in a short time completed the decoding of the coronavirus genome. It is on these data that world scientists rely.
The timing of the vaccineAlthough vaccines have been announced in some countries, they will not be on the market for a long time. Many scientists believe that it will be used no earlier than 12-18 months later. It is expected that the vaccine will appear on the market no earlier than 2021. That's when it will be available to the masses. This opinion is shared by WHO experts. The term is long enough. Will a vaccine be needed at that time? Experts believe that when the drugs are on the market, the pandemic may end. But new outbreaks of infections are not ruled out.
Why is there no vaccine?
List of OKVED industries affected by coronavirusBelow are the main OKVED codes (list) of industries affected by the coronavirus, all of which can count on state support:
- 49.3, 49.4, 51.1, 51.21, 52.21.21, 52.23.1
- 93, 96.04, 85.41.1, 86.90.4
- 85.41, 88.91
- 95, 96.01, 96.02
- 45.11.2, 45.11.3.
- 45.19, 45.19.3
- 47.19.1, 47.19.2
- 47.82, 47.89
Prevention and protection against coronavirusToday, scientists have not yet developed specific measures for the prevention of coronavirus. Trials of a vaccine against this disease have not been completed. During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is recommended to adhere to the following quarantine rules:
- avoid regions significantly infected with coronavirus infection;
- wear gloves and a protective mask;
- wash your hands regularly;
- keep from others at a distance of 1.5-2 m;
- spend more time outdoors;
- regularly ventilate the room, strengthen local immunity: adhere to the required level of humidity (40-60%) and temperature (18-20 ° C) in the room,
- irrigate the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx with saline solutions.
In the event of even minor symptoms, self-isolation is highly recommended. In places where there is a high incidence, you should avoid contact with others as much as possible, refuse to visit crowded places.
Coronavirus hotline in RussiaThe Government of the Russian Federation has created a single center for managing all citizens' appeals on the issue of COVID-19 using the STOPCORONAVIRUS.RF website. Coronavirus hotline in Russia: 8 (800) 2000-112 All calls within Russia to the round-the-clock coronavirus hotline number are free of charge and are not charged by mobile operators.
Telephone hotline for coronavirus in MoscowIn Moscow, there is a single telephone number for coronavirus: +7 (495) 870-45-09 - it works every day from 8 am to 9 pm. Please note that you can always call the ambulance number: 103.
State Services Application - Stop CoronavirusThe STOP Coronavirus application for Android and iOS devices is designed to issue passes on the territory of Moscow and the region. The State Services Stop Coronavirus application can be downloaded for individuals and legal entities: Download State Services Stop Coronavirus mobile app for iPhone Download Gosusulugi Stop Coronavirus mobile application for Android:
Questions and answersWe have collected the most frequently asked questions in this section, if you have additional questions, you can send them to us on the "Contacts" page via the feedback form.
How to wash and sanitize your handsFrequent hand washing is the main method of protection against coronavirus. WHO recommends washing your hands as often as possible with warm, running water and soap. Wash your hands for at least 20-30 seconds. The procedure is especially important after communicating with a sick person, visiting public places (shops, hospitals, pharmacies, taxis), after using the toilet and contact with any animal. Soap can be used any - household, liquid, children's. WHO also recommends the use of alcohol-based disinfectant liquids, gels and sprays (at least 60% in composition), which can be bought at pharmacies, shops or gas stations. It is necessary to apply a small amount of disinfectant carefully spread over the surface of the hands.
Important! When disinfecting and washing, be mindful of the areas between the fingers, fingertips, under the nails and around the thumb. Studies show that these areas of the hand are most often ignored when washing.
How and when to wear a face maskThe WHO explains that if there are no symptoms, there is no need to use a mask. But such a protective equipment must be worn when in contact with sick people. Many infectious disease specialists urge everyone to wear masks in public places, especially those who are most susceptible to infections and serious illnesses (the elderly, especially those over 65, and the chronically ill). Wearing face masks can prevent the spread of the virus among infected people who are not even aware of their illness, because COVID-19 is not always accompanied by symptoms. How to use the mask correctly:
- Wash or sanitize your hands before putting on your mask.
- Cover your mouth and nose with the mask so that it fits snugly against your skin.
- Do not touch the mask with your hands when wearing. If you touch it, wash or disinfect your hands immediately.
- Replace the mask with a new one when it becomes quite damp.
Attention! It is forbidden to use the same mask repeatedly. It is not washed, not disinfected, but immediately discarded.